why is it important to present both sides of an argument in my dissertation
There are two main methods of presenting an argument, and in general the one you choose will depend on exactly your task (See Understanding the question and Organising the answer for more information).
End your essay with something memorable
You MUST choose one side or the other when you write an argument paper!
To write an argument essay, you’ll need to gather evidence and present a well-reasoned argument on a debatable issue.
1. Use a concise introduction to your academic essay to set out key points in your argument and very clearly show what the shape of the essay will look like.
2. Where appropriate, use separate sections for each new topic (not forgetting headings or chapters to define the sections – particularly relevant for dissertation writing).
3. Start each new idea or opinion with a new paragraph, especially important if you are considering different sides of an issue.
4. Allow your structure to clarify the flow of your argument – set out the most important or pertinent points first, followed by further details, and reserving more unusual ideas or final thoughts for later on.
5. Any academic essay needs a strong conclusion to remind your reader what your argument has been and show clearly how you have used the different threads of your essay argument to reach an inevitable final conclusion.
In an essay, you will back up each argument (or point within an argument) by supporting it with evidence. Your evidence can be taken from printed primary and secondary sources (manuscripts, journals, books), web pages, transcriptions of interviews or film clips, the results of experiments, or questionnaires and other survey work. If you can only find one piece of evidence then that is all you can use. If there is so much material that you could fill a book, choose the strongest piece.
II. Counter Argument
___A. Summarize the counterclaims
___B. Provide supporting information for counterclaims
___C. Refute the counterclaims
___D. Give evidence for argument
2) The divisions between paragraphs aren’t random, but indicate a shift in focus. In other words you must carefully and clearly organize the order of your paragraphs so that they are logically positioned throughout your paper. Transitions will help you with this.
Introducing opposing viewpoints is necessary, but do not stop there. The burden of proof is on you, as the author of the argument. If you fail to neutralize a common objection, readers will have an excuse to reject your argument. Just as you built your own argument, to refute opposing views, you’ll need to include evidence from research studies, statistics, and quoted opinions from experts.
Another way to present a counterargument is to introduce it in your own words in the form of an example. In doing this, you’re acting as a proxy for your readers, voicing their potential objections, hopefully at just the moment those objections arise in their minds.