The theses he maintained at college were the dawn of the genius of his future works.
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• noun (pl. theses /theeseez/) 1 a statement or theory put forward to be maintained or proved. 2 a long essay or dissertation involving personal research, written as part of a university degree.
— ORIGIN Greek, ‘placing, a proposition’.
Austin Charles- UNIS
Gender relations, sexuality and HIV/AIDS education: a study of Ghanaian youth cultures.
Educating daughters, educating sons: mothers and schooling in rural Kenya.
The theses were tentative opinions, about some of which Luther had not decided. In the theses the papal prerogative in this matter was not denied, though by implication papal policy was criticized. The spiritual, inward character of the Christian faith was stressed. The fact was emphasized that money was being collected from poor people and sent to the rich papacy in Rome, a point popular with the Germans, who had long resented the money they were forced to contribute to Rome.
The doctrine concerning indulgences was uncertain in the Roman Catholic Church prior to the Council of Trent (1545–63), which defined the doctrine and eliminated abuses. Indulgences were the commutation for money of part of the temporal penalty due for sin—i.e., the practical satisfaction that was a part of the sacrament of penance. They were granted on papal authority and made available through accredited agents. Not at any time did they imply that divine forgiveness could be bought or sold or that they availed for those who were impenitent or unconfessed. But during the Middle Ages, as papal financial difficulties grew more complicated, they were resorted to very often, and abuses grew common. Further misunderstanding developed after Pope Sixtus IV extended indulgences to souls in purgatory. The often outrageous statements of indulgence sellers were a matter of protest among theologians.
The advantages and attraction of electronic theses and dissertations (ETDs) include the following:
The availability of Wits theses and dissertations electronically will undoubtedly lead to increased visibility of the institution internationally.