argument that is supported by research and strong evidence
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- Logical fallacy: Video games cause obesity.
- Are all people who play video games obese? Are there other factors? Correlation does not mean that one action causes the other.
Is this author, organization, website, or company qualified to educate others about this topic? Why? What are their credentials?
It’s also important to find the appropriate type of sources for your paper. For instance, a quote from a fictional novel would be perfect for a literary analysis of the novel in question. However, it wouldn’t be appropriate evidence for a research paper.
Evidence and examples create the foundation upon which your claims can stand firm. Without proof, your arguments lack credibility and teeth. However, laundry listing evidence is as bad as failing to provide any materials or information that can substantiate your conclusions. Therefore, when you introduce examples, make sure to judiciously provide evidence when needed and use phrases that will appropriately and clearly explain how the proof supports your argument.
The type of proof we provide can either bolster our claims or leave readers confused or skeptical of our analysis. Therefore, it’s crucial that we use appropriate, logical phrases that guide readers clearly from one idea to the next. In this article, we discuss situations in which evidence and examples should be used and catalog effective language you can use to support your arguments, examples included.
This TIP Sheet addresses the following steps common to any kind of non-fiction writing:
- To teach you to state your case and prove it in a clear, appropriate, and lively manner
- To teach you to structure your thinking.
Once you have formulated your claim, your thesis (see the WTS pamphlet, “How to Write a Thesis Statement,” for ideas and tips), you should use evidence to help strengthen your thesis and any assertion you make that relates to your thesis. Here are some ways to work evidence into your writing:
Today, we are too self-centered. “We are consumers-on-the-run . . . the very notion of the family meal as a sit-down occasion is vanishing. Adults and children alike eat . . . on the way to their next activity” (Gleick 148). Everything is about what we want.